## Matriz de decisión ejemplo

Contents

- Matriz de decisión ejemplo
- What are the decision matrices?
- What are the decision criteria?
- What does the decision matrix allow us to identify?
- Decision matrix of a company
- How is a selection matrix made?
- How does a risk matrix work?
- What are solution criteria?
- What are the elements of a decision matrix?
- What is it to have a criterion?
- What is the importance of decision making?
- When and why use decision theory?
- Strategic decision matrix examples

1 Facultad de Ingenierías. Programa de Ingeniería Industrial. Universidad del Atlántico. Km 7 Antigua vía Puerto Colombia. Atlántico, Colombia. E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected]; [email protected]; [email protected]

Cuando se analizan decisiones complejas, es necesario utilizar varios métodos de investigación operativa, en particular la teoría de la decisión. Sin embargo, estos normalmente no pueden manejar los desempates electorales o los desacuerdos en las decisiones grupales por ciertas razones. En este artículo, ampliamos el alcance del esquema metodológico del proceso jerárquico analítico (AHP) para abordar los problemas de alcanzar el consenso entre expertos. En primer lugar, comprobamos que es una técnica que garantiza el conjunto necesario de preferencias en un juicio de expertos; después, aplicamos un procedimiento de priorización con la media geométrica para comprobar, alcanzar y mejorar el nivel de consenso del grupo mediante esta técnica. Finalmente, a través de un caso de aplicación en el sector de la logística industrial, se ilustra el esquema desarrollado, alcanzando resultados positivos que indican su eficacia y aplicabilidad dentro del campo de la Teoría de la Decisión.

## What are the decision matrices?

A decision matrix is a tool for evaluating and choosing the best option among different alternatives. It is a particularly useful tool when you have to decide between more than one option and there are several factors you need to consider to make the final decision.

## What are the decision criteria?

Process by which a choice must be made among several possible alternatives. The process by which a choice must be made among several possible alternatives. These are rules or criteria by which several alternatives are analyzed in order to choose one of them.

## What does the decision matrix allow us to identify?

The Decision Matrix is a tool that allows you to analyze and identify the best option to work with, using different criteria and predetermined classifications.

### Decision matrix of a company

To do this, you have to make the final expected calculation of each decision. This calculation will provide you with a minimization of the risk and a maximization of the probability of obtaining the expected result.

To obtain this data, you only have to subtract the cost of that decision from the expected benefits. It’s as easy as that. Note that the expected benefits are equal to the total value of all the outcomes that may result from that decision, and each value is multiplied by the probability of occurrence. Below, I show you how these values would be calculated for the example described above.

In identifying which outcome is most desirable, it is important to take into account the decision maker’s utility preferences. For example, some prefer low-risk options, while others are willing to take risks if the payoff is higher.

But not only that, decision trees are also powerful visualization tools that help decision makers make the right moves at the right time.

### How is a selection matrix made?

The single choice matrix is a combination of several single choice questions in each row. It is mostly used in situations where several questions of the same type are repeated. The respondent selects only ONE answer in each row.

### How does a risk matrix work?

The Risk Matrix is a management tool that allows to objectively determine which are the relevant risks for the safety and health of workers faced by an organization. Its completion is simple and requires the analysis of the tasks performed by workers.

### What are solution criteria?

The criteria are the bases used to determine the best decision, depending on the context. … A solution that minimizes cost or maximizes utility will be guided by the cost-benefit criterion, but the criterion of labor relations and employment level modifies the definition of the best decision.

### What are the elements of a decision matrix?

Figure 1. Schematic of the Veto method. The original article includes the so-called β coefficient, which measures the intensity of the group’s disagreement with a given alternative. Thus, if the weakness of an alternative is β times or more higher than the strength of the alternative, that alternative will be discarded (equation (4)). The value of this β coefficient should be established by the decision makers advised by a consultant. Mathematically: Coefficient β (4)

This coefficient is intended to solve the problem of extremely weak alternatives, as might be the case for Z5 in Example 1, but its application could greatly complicate the use of this method. In fact, its application seems to be unfeasible even for the authors themselves, who do not use the β coefficient in the article. The value of this coefficient should be stipulated by the decision makers. Since a possible value is not mentioned in the article, to evaluate and understand the effect of the coefficient we considered β = . The application of the concept of the β coefficient is shown in Table 16, Table 17, Table 18 and Table 19.

### What is it to have a criterion?

The term criterion has its origin in a Greek word meaning “to judge”. The criterion is the judgment or discernment of a person. … People can have different criteria on the same subject.

### What is the importance of decision making?

Importance of Decision Making

It is important because through the use of good judgment, Decision Making tells us that a problem or situation is deeply evaluated and considered in order to choose the best path to follow according to the different alternatives and operations.

### When and why use decision theory?

Decision theory is a method for decision making which is characterized by making choices in a consistent manner when presented with several options for a given problem. … DSS, or Decision Support Systems, are a type of software specialized in supporting the business in this task.

### Strategic decision matrix examples

To begin with, we can say that it is a non-mathematical model or technique that graphically presents the summary valuation of all alternatives. All alternatives are shown in different scenarios, which are presented under conditions of uncertainty.

Of course, the idea is to be able to choose the best option taking into account several factors. The decision matrix takes into account all relevant factors for making a decision. The fact of considering a higher level of information favors a more accurate decision making.

Subsequently, in this step, the most relevant factors to be weighed in order to make the decision must be selected. Continuing with the example, the factors that are considered most important to weight in the decision are:

Then the score of each factor multiplied by the weight that each one has is calculated. Immediately the results should be added up. This gives the final score for each of the options. With the example, it could look like this: