How is water therapy done?

Aquatic therapy benefits

For the same reason, we intend to address in a professional and academic way for all readers, the main methods of aquatic therapy that exist today, with its relevant characteristics and benefits to its users, but first of all it is necessary to differentiate Hydrotherapy from Aquatic Therapy.

Hydrotherapy derives from the Greek words hydro: water and therapia: healing. In simple terms, hydrotherapy as a modality (application of a physical agent on biological tissues in order to obtain therapeutic changes), based on the use of a variety of equipment and accessories in water, making it a comfortable and conducive to the treatment of users with neurological, orthopedic and rheumatic disorders among others.

It facilitates the execution of movements with less effort, providing the possibility of assisting or resisting it; it allows relaxation and pain reduction while favoring socialization and promoting beneficial psychological effects for the person.

How is water therapy performed?

Hydrotherapy is the treatment of the body, totally or partially, by the application of potable or ordinary water, being able to vary and alternate its temperature and pressure. Whirlpool baths, bithermal showers and pressure jets are some of the devices used.

What is assessed in aquatic physiotherapy?

This therapy serves to both assess and treat the ACD patient. “The goal is to gain freedom and independence so that a patient can perform in the water, placing more value on the ability he or she has in the water than on the inability to move.

What is aquatic therapy PDF?

Aquatic therapy is very useful to improve the function of people in immersion, because in the water patients float easily, promoting better movement with less effort, the resistance caused by the viscosity of the water, helps to strengthen muscles, the pressure that the fluid exerts on the muscles and the …

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Aquatic therapy article

The main reason for recommending aquatic therapy is due to the properties of water, which favor edema drainage, body mobility and proprioceptive improvement in states where patients have difficulty working dry.

Buoyancy and hydrostatic pressure: The buoyancy force is contrary to the force of gravity. The more the body is covered in the water, the less the patient will feel gravity (Lecremier’s scheme). This principle will help us:

If the patient is standing upright, the exercise will be assisted in the case of going for buoyancy, or resisted if going against buoyancy. If the patient is in a horizontal position, the difficulty will be in maintaining balance, without turning or sinking. On the other hand, the greater the depth, the greater the hydrostatic pressure will be, and this fact will favor blood return if we are in a vertical position.

On the other hand, we can also make the exercise more difficult by creating turbulence in the water (Wave Resistance), or by asking the patient to enter the pool wearing clothes to increase the Friction Resistance.

What is pool therapy called?

Aquatic Therapy or Hydrotherapy is a treatment modality within the field of rehabilitation whose techniques, approaches and exercises are developed by a specialist in the water, in order to prevent, treat or recover from certain pathologies.

What does physical therapy study?

What is physical therapy? Physical therapy or physiotherapy helps people regain movement and strength in key parts of the body after illness or injury. … Physical therapists often provide exercises for patients to do at home.

What is the Bad Ragaz technique?

The Bad Ragaz method consists of a passive or active method of hydrokinesitherapy in which the physiotherapist provides the fixed point from which the patient works; at the same time he directs and controls all the parameters of the execution of the exercise, without the patient holding on to any fixed place or equipment …

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Aquatic therapy exercises

Aquatic therapy or hydrotherapy is defined as such, since it is used in water for therapeutic purposes in various treatments of pathologies, injuries or just as a physical or sports activity.

By handling a high heat temperature and thermal conductivity, water can transfer heat, either by a conduction or convection mechanism, making it possible to be used as a heating or cooling agent in a superficial way.

The viscosity of water is said to provide some resistance to the movement of a body or limb in water. It is produced in the opposite direction of the movement produced and will increase according to the proportion of the relative speed of the movement of the same and the front surface of the body parts that will be in contact with the water, for this reason the aquatic environment easily becomes a very effective form of training and strengthening.

Characteristics such as weightlessness, fluidity when performing certain movements and the resistance exerted by water, combined with immersion properties and proper planning, make aquatic physiotherapy one of the most effective means for patients with different pathologies.

What are the principles of hydrotherapy?

Principles of hydrotherapy

Mechanical principle: when the body is immersed in water, it will be subjected to 3 physical factors. Hydrostatic: principle of buoyancy or thrust. Hydrodynamic: resistance to movement. Hydrokinetic: massages the body.

What is halliwick therapy?

Halliwick is a physical rehabilitation technique designed to teach patients to swim and be independent in the water. It is intended primarily for patients with physical disabilities, the elderly with mobility or balance problems, or children with some type of motor developmental failure.

What is the Metacentric effect?

The METACENTRIC effect states that “for a body to maintain a stable equilibrium it can rotate continuously until the two centers of gravity are aligned”. (4) It should be clarified that this rotation can occur in different axes or a combination of them (longitudinal and transverse).

Types of aquatic therapy

Aquatic therapy is indicated in conditions of the locomotor system in which we want to reduce pain, muscle spasm, edema and increase the arc of mobility and muscle strength. Spinal injuries can be treated because the gravitational impact is reduced, as well as postural disorders, chronic osteoarticular pain, rehabilitation after trauma and orthopedic surgeries, neurological conditions of central and peripheral type, restrictive respiratory disorders.

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Among the techniques used in aquatic therapy is Halliwick, which has 10 points or phases of progressive difficulty. Guided activities are carried out as games with the objective of discovering the qualities and behaviors of water and at the same time controlling balance difficulties. It is based on hydrodynamics and body mechanics. It follows the maturational line of body development. The aim is to achieve independence by building confidence and improving mood.

The phases of this technique include an adaptation to the water, followed by performing different rotations, then maintaining control of movements in the water, and finally a combination of progressions and displacements. There are several other techniques such as Bad Ragaz that work on diagonal movement patterns, Watsu that works on relaxation and joint amplitude, among others.