Elder Care Handbook pdf
- Elder Care Handbook pdf
- What care should be taken with an older adult?
- How to feed a dependent person?
- How to feed a person with dysphagia?
- Dependent elderly
- How to treat a bedridden patient?
- How to feed a bedridden person?
- How to mobilize a bedridden person?
- Care of the bedridden patient at home
- What should a bedridden person eat?
- How to feed a person with hemiplegia?
- What should Covid patients eat?
- Elderly Care Manual
Many people simply choose the closest entity. However, before making this decision, it is important to do careful research. Some places are better and offer more appropriate care than others. Unfortunately, there are entities that consistently violate state standards and subject their residents to poor care. Start by getting recommendations from friends who live in nursing homes and from family members. Ask your doctor and nursing staff if there are places nearby that they think are very good or very bad.
Pick three or four places close to home and be prepared to visit them. Ask to speak with the administrator or director of nursing. The following questions will help you decide if a facility is right for your loved one. Take note if staff members do not give you straight answers. Notice when the answers are not consistent with what you see on the spot.
Call the Department of Aging and Disability Services (DADS) at (800) 458-9858 and ask about the places you are considering. Although DADS employees cannot designate an entity as “good” or “bad” or recommend one place over another, they can answer the following questions about any location:
What care should be taken with an older adult?
– Use neutral soaps such as glycerin soap. – Avoid long exposures to the sun and use sunscreen. – Drink approximately 2 liters of water to maintain good hydration. – Make sure that the older adult wears cotton clothing to avoid irritating the skin.
How to feed a dependent person?
Position yourself at the same height as the dependent elderly person or below his eyes to prevent him from raising his head and choking. His or her chin should be tilted as far as possible to the chest. Food should be given frontally to avoid turning the head.
How to feed a person with dysphagia?
Prepare food so that it is homogeneous, smooth and easy to chew. Avoid lumps and bones. If the person has difficulty swallowing liquids, it is better to give liquids with a semi-solid consistency such as vegetable creams, fruit purees, yogurts, custards, curds or fresh cheese.
Nutrition is one of the fundamental aspects in the care of dependent elderly people. A process in which it is not only necessary to take into account the characteristics of a specific diet that adapts to their needs, but also the technical issues. What is the best position? What utensils should we use? How to feed a dependent elderly person? In this article we analyze in detail all the factors that influence to make this task as bearable as possible.
Mealtime, together with daily cleaning, is usually one of the most demanding tasks during the caregiver’s day. However, with practice, patience and good feeding routines, everything is solved in a very short time.
The caregiver must have a patient but directive attitude. Establishing a routine in the process will help the elderly dependent caregiver become familiar with the characteristics of mealtime and assume this habit much more naturally.
How to treat a bedridden patient?
Apply moisturizing cream on the skin, especially after bathing, avoid creams or products that prevent skin visualization. Do not massage reddened areas. Check the skin several times a day to detect reddened areas, thus avoiding supporting the patient on the lesion or on the reddened area.
How to feed a bedridden person?
Place the patient in an upright position (90 degrees) to avoid bronchoaspiration (food in the lungs). Place a napkin under the chin to prevent staining. If he is independent to eat, put the table with the tray within his reach. Dedicate the necessary time and avoid rushing.
How to mobilize a bedridden person?
The caregiver should wrap one arm around the legs behind the knees. The other arm should be passed under the shoulder to place it on the upper back, so that the person’s head rests on the caregiver’s forearm, who should never grab the bedridden person by the neck.
Care of the bedridden patient at home
Difficulty swallowing can lead to malnutrition or dehydration because the person does not eat or drink enough. It can also happen that food gets into the lungs causing serious respiratory infections due to choking episodes.
Before starting to eat, make sure that the person is wide awake and calm, otherwise he/she may choke. It is better to wait a few minutes than to have an unnecessary fright.
Patience is a virtue and to feed you have to develop it thoroughly. If you feed a person with swallowing difficulties you must have enough time, because they take longer to feed.
In order to get them to ingest what they need in the estimated time, meals should be scheduled for those times when the dependent is more rested, because muscle fatigue and tiredness increase the risk of aspiration.
A person suffering from dysphagia cannot eat solid, dry, sticky foods or foods that release liquid when chewed (as is the case with certain fruits). For this reason, meals must be prepared properly, but without forgetting that the diet must be rich and varied.
What should a bedridden person eat?
Eat more whole-grain cereals and breads because they are rich in fiber and help prevent constipation. Decrease salt. Avoid foods with added sugar. Increase consumption of minerals such as calcium.
How to feed a person with hemiplegia?
FOOD. Always eat sitting in a high-backed chair. The folded hand should be resting on the table. Put the food on the plegic side and chew with it.
What should Covid patients eat?
No group of nutrients should be left out, so the necessary foods are protein sources such as chicken, fish, meats, eggs; carbohydrate sources in which we have potatoes, sweet potatoes, rice, noodles; and lipid sources, also known as fats, among which are the fatty acids, such as …
Elderly Care Manual
When we detect symptoms of dysphagia in an elderly person, it is important to see a physician in order to confirm and specify a diagnosis. Depending on the type of dysphagia suffered, the physician will give recommendations regarding the type of food, preparation and consistency of the liquid and solid foods to be consumed by the person.
The objective is to prepare foods that help the person to make a food bolus that is easy and safe to swallow and, in addition, to make varied meals to maintain a diet as complete as possible and with a pleasant appearance, smell and taste.
Some basic information and general recommendations to take into account when preparing dishes for people with dysphagia can be (always bearing in mind that it will depend on the type and degree of dysphagia):