Stigma and discrimination against people with HIV constitute a violation of rights and persist as a barrier to access prevention, diagnosis and treatment services, worsening the quality of life and health of those affected.
Advances in treatment and health care have improved the life expectancy and quality of life of people living with HIV, turning the infection into a chronic disease. However, they continue to experience discriminatory treatment. People with HIV can experience different types of discrimination (directly, indirectly and/or by association). Stigma and discrimination is not only experienced by people living with HIV, but also affects their family members and close associates. Moreover, in many cases, HIV infection is superimposed on other pre-existing situations of severe social exclusion.
Social inequalities have a clear effect on vulnerability to infection, on the prognosis and evolution of the infection, and on the impact of discrimination associated with HIV, which is even greater in these people. Therefore, an adequate response to discrimination should go hand in hand with strategies aimed at reducing social inequalities and eliminating social exclusion.
What is AIDS
A Russian team led by Ivan Konstantinov analyzed data from more than a hundred scientific journals to digitally represent the HIV virus in the real way. The two-color scheme shows HIV (orange) attacking and fusion with an immune cell (gray). The triangular cross-section shows how the virus in turn integrates into the cell a virus factory.
AIDS is triggered by a virus transmitted through direct contact with infected body fluids. The virus causes immunodeficiency in the body by attacking a type of white blood cell that helps fight infection. Since people who contract AIDS usually suffer from several diseases at the same time, and not just one, AIDS is referred to as a syndromic disease. The virus is called HIV (human immunodeficiency virus).
A group of researchers from Oxford University conducted a study on its African origin, since primates develop a virus similar to HIV, called SIV (simian immunodeficiency virus). Scientists believe that the disease initially reached humans through wild chimpanzees living in central Africa.
World AIDS Day 2021 theme.
Huixtla – As announced, the health sector through the staff of the General Hospital of Huixtla, led the march on the world day of the response to HIV-AIDS, in which schools and municipal authorities of this city of La Piedra participated.
Huixtla – As announced, the health sector through the staff of the General Hospital of Huixtla, led the march on the world day of the response to HIV-AIDS, in which participated schools and municipal authorities of this city of La Piedra.
December 1st AIDS
In 2011 UNAIDS decided to change the name International Day for the Fight against AIDS to International Day of Action against AIDS, considering that the word “fight” has a warlike connotation.
On October 27, 1988 the United Nations General Assembly in Resolution 43/15 notes that the World Health Organization has declared December 1, 1988 as World AIDS Day and stresses the importance of the proper observance of this occasion.
Just as four decades have passed since the first cases of AIDS were reported, HIV continues to threaten the world. We are far from fulfilling the shared commitment to end AIDS, but not because of a lack of knowledge or means, but because of major structural inequalities that make it difficult to implement effective solutions for HIV prevention and treatment.
The world pledged in 2015 to end inequalities, and the urgency has only increased. Countries pledged to reduce inequality, within and beyond their borders, through the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. The “Global AIDS Strategy 2021-2026: Ending Inequalities and AIDS” and the “Political Declaration on AIDS” aim to end inequalities.