What is loss of enjoyment of property?

Usufructuary and bare owner

He who succeeds by hereditary title shall not suffer the consequences of a vicious possession of his predecessor, if it is not proved that he was aware of the vices that affected it; but the effects of the possession in good faith shall only apply to him from the date of the death of the predecessor.

Minors and incapacitated persons can acquire possession of things; but they need the assistance of their legitimate representatives to use the rights arising from possession in their favor.

Possession, as a fact, cannot be recognized in two different personalities, except in cases of indivision. If a dispute arises as to the fact of possession, the current possessor shall be preferred; if there are two possessors, the oldest; if the dates of the possessions are the same, the one who presents title; and, if all these conditions are equal, the thing shall be placed in deposit or judicial custody, pending a decision on its possession or ownership by the corresponding procedures.

What is loss of rights?

The loss of real rights by a person occurs when he ceases to be the holder of such rights either voluntarily or involuntarily. … As causes of extinction of real rights are: Destruction of the thing and going out of commerce. Renunciation and abandonment.

How are property rights extinguished?

The right of ownership is extinguished by acquisition of the property by another person, either for valuable consideration as in the case of purchase and sale or free of charge as in the case of donation.

How many years do you have to live in a house for it to be yours?

How many years must I live in a house for it to be mine in Mexico? In order for you to own a house in Mexico and claim seniority rights just for the years of living in it, 5 years must pass with good faith prescription, and 10 years with bad faith prescription.

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Usufruct

The right of possession is often confused with the right of ownership, but they are not the same. The right of ownership is the right of a person to enjoy and dispose of his property. Possession is the de facto power that a person has over an asset or a right and performs material acts that manifest the powers that such asset or right confers.

Possession may be original or derived. In the event that a person acquires possession of a thing by virtue of a contract of sale, for example, it is said that he is an original possessor and may enjoy, enjoy and dispose of the thing and may even alienate or encumber it.

When a person acquires possession of a thing by virtue of a lease contract for example, it is said that he is a derivative possessor and will be able to enjoy and enjoy the thing but will not be able to alienate it or encumber it.

A person can be a possessor by means of a title, that is, by means of a juridical act that gives rise to it and can do so in good or bad faith. For example, a person can possess a land by virtue of a lease contract, in this case he is a possessor in good faith, however if the lease contract is vitiated and the lessee knew about it and did not say anything, then he will be a possessor in bad faith.

When is the usufruct of a dwelling lost?

The usufruct is extinguished: 1.º By death of the usufructuary. 2.º By expiration of the term for which it was constituted, or fulfillment of the resolutory condition consigned in the constitutive title. 3.º By the reunion of the usufruct and the property in the same person.

How are property rights extinguished in Venezuela?

In Venezuela, the right to property is enshrined in the Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela of 1999 in Article 115: Article 115. Every person has the right to the use, enjoyment, enjoyment and disposition of his property.

How is the right of ownership extinguished according to article 968 of the Civil Code?

Article 968 of the Civil Code states that real property is lost by abandonment for 20 years, without making any distinction as to the type of property. The property passes into the hands of the State without payment. … The same applies to the right of “use”, as expressly referred to in article 1026 of the Civil Code.

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Usufruct inheritance of children

The usufruct is very important in economics since in spite of having the property rights over a good, it cannot be enjoyed. It is essential to understand that usufruct implies the use and enjoyment of a thing. However, to have an object in usufruct does not mean to be its owner. Therefore, since the usufructee does not own the object, he/she cannot sell the thing.

It is very frequent when an inheritance takes place, since inheriting can entail the right of use and enjoyment of the property in situations of widowhood. A property can be sold from one person to another without the buyer being able to enjoy the property, because the right of usufruct is in the hands of the widow. In these cases, the owner has what is known as nuda propiedad of the property, while the usufructuary has the right of usufruct.

But there is not only the usufruct of a dwelling. There are other types, as for example the usufruct of shares, where the bare owner will have the quality of partner, while the usufructuary will have the right to receive the dividends.

What if I have been living in a house for 20 years?

You can file a usucapion lawsuit. Usucapion is the civil law institution by which a person who has possessed a piece of land, a house or an apartment for a certain period of time established by law, is rewarded by being made owner of it.

What happens when a tenant has been a tenant for more than 10 years?

After 10 years, the tenant may disregard the oral lease, and the landlord will have to prove that the person claiming possession occupies the property as a tenant, which will be difficult if there is no written lease.

What happens when the owner of the house dies and I have the usufruct?

Usufruct is extinguished by the death of the usufructuary in whatever manner it may happen; and that which is established in favor of a juridical person, by the cessation of the legal existence of that person and because it has already lasted twenty years. Art. 2.921. It is also extinguished by the expiration of the term for which it was established.

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Use, enjoyment and enjoyment of the thing

One conception of the theory of real rights is: “real right, the holder acquires an immediate and direct power over a good, which can be exercised and enforced against all”[citation needed].

The ius ad rem historically was a right that, without attributing an immediate power over the thing, did not leave reduced to mere obligatory effects the acts performed. It originated in Roman Law and was applied in those cases in which a thing had been acquired but had not yet been delivered.

Regarding their legal nature, it has been stated that they are authentic real rights, since the obligatory content does not have its own autonomy, but exists as a consequence of the same real rights; however, the point is debated and there are those who consider that they are personal rights.

Positive easements, censuses and, more recently, the urban use registered in the Land Registry separately from the land, which may even be subject to mortgage, are mentioned as cases of real rights in faciendo. Rights in rem in faciendo are understood to be those in which third parties are obliged not only to tolerate, but also to do something in favor of the holder of the right.