Initiation of the legislative process
- Initiation of the legislative process
- What are the steps to create a law in Honduras?
- How are laws passed in Congress?
- How is a law passed in Colombia?
- Initiative of law
- Which entity is in charge of approving the laws?
- How is a law passed?
- Who passes the bill?
- Steps to pass a law in colombia
- How much time does the President have to pass a law in Colombia?
- Who is in charge of making the laws in Colombia?
- Who makes the laws in Colombia?
- The process of creating a law in mexico
The House of Representatives is composed of 435 elected members, divided among the 50 states proportionally according to their total populations. In addition, there are 6 non-voting members representing the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and four other U.S. territories: American Samoa, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. The highest ranking officer of the House is the Speaker of the House, who is elected by the representatives. This person is third in the line of succession to the presidency.
The Senate has the exclusive power to confirm those presidential appointments that require consent and to provide advice and consent to ratify treaties. However, there are two exceptions to the rule: the House must also approve vice presidential appointments and any treaties involving foreign trade. Similarly, the Senate conducts impeachment trials of federal officials in proceedings initiated by the House.
What are the steps to create a law in Honduras?
In the first instance, the bill is submitted for discussion by the National Congress, and if the bill includes judicial matters, the opinion of the Supreme Court of Justice is consulted. Subsequently, if the bill is approved, it is sent to the executive branch for its sanction and promulgation.
How are laws passed in Congress?
Once the members of the Commission have sufficiently studied and discussed the bill, it is voted upon and, if approved, the Chairman of the Commission assigns one or more rapporteurs for the second debate, who may be the same or different from those of the first report.
How is a law passed in Colombia?
“The sanction of the bill is the act by which the Government approves it, and attests to its existence and authenticity. This act constitutes an essential requirement that puts an end to the law-making process, as prescribed by Article 157 paragraph 4 of the Constitution, which states: “Article 167.
Initiative of law
To finally approve or disapprove the accounts of public expenditures on the basis of the reports rendered by the Comptroller General of the Republic and the observations made by the Executive Branch; 39. To regulate the payment of the national debt, at the initiative of the Executive Branch; To exercise control over public revenues; To authorize the Executive Branch to dispose of national assets; 40. 41. 42.or its application to public use; to authorize ports; to create and suppress customs and free zones at the initiative of the Executive Branch; 43. to regulate maritime, land and air commerce;44. 45.to establish the national symbols; and to exercise the other powers assigned to it by this Constitution and the laws. (Art. 205 Const.) The powers of the Legislative Power cannot be delegated except that of receiving the constitutional promise to the high officials of the Government, in accordance with this Constitution. The Board of Directors of the National Congress, before closing its sessions, will designate from its bosom, nine proprietary members and their respective alternates who will form the Permanent Commission in recess of the National Congress.
Which entity is in charge of approving the laws?
According to Article 114, the Congress of the Republic of Colombia is responsible for reforming the Constitution, making laws and exercising political control over the government and the administration.
How is a law passed?
44), national laws are enacted by a Congress divided into two Chambers: the Chamber of Deputies, which represents the people, and the Chamber of Senators, which in principle represents the provinces. However, the enactment of a law also requires the express or tacit approval of the Executive Branch (arts.
Who passes the bill?
Article 189, paragraph 10 of the Constitution establishes that the President of the Republic is responsible for promulgating laws. Likewise, Article 165 ib, provides that once the bill has been approved by the Congress, it will be passed to the Government for its sanction and promulgation.
Steps to pass a law in colombia
Only initiatives and other matters that through a report or document are prepared and approved by a commission or any other body of the Congress may be submitted to the consideration of the Plenary or the Permanent Deputation, as the case may be, for their resolution.
The particular characteristics and the procedure for casting votes will be regulated in the terms of the Internal Regulations and Parliamentary Practices, pursuant to Article 208 of the Organic Law of the Legislative Branch of the State.
The bill or decree returned to Congress with observations must be discussed again with respect to them, after the respective commission has issued its report, and if it is confirmed by the vote of two thirds of the deputies present, or modified in accordance with the observations made, it will be returned to the Governor, who must promulgate it and publish it without further procedure, in accordance with the provisions of Article 71 of the Local Constitution.
If the term that the Governor has to formulate observations has expired, the decree or law in question shall be considered promulgated, and by approval of the Legislative Plenary its publication in the Official State Gazette may be ordered, if the Executive does not do so within ten days following such expiration.
How much time does the President have to pass a law in Colombia?
Presidential approval and veto. Article 76. – Any law enacted by the Legislative Branch may be observed by the President of the Republic within ten days from the day on which it was received. The law not observed within ten days shall be promulgated.
Who is in charge of making the laws in Colombia?
The Legislative Branch is responsible for formulating laws, exercising control over the Government and amending the Constitution.
Who makes the laws in Colombia?
The regulatory power is a permanent power of the President of the Republic, provided for in numeral 11 of Article 189 of the Charter, which is exercised “through the issuance of decrees, resolutions and orders necessary for the proper execution of the laws “25.
The process of creating a law in mexico
When the committee receives the bill, the president of the committee assigns one or more rapporteurs to it. The rapporteurs are the congressmen in charge of studying the bill and presenting a report, called ponencia, on the convenience or not of the bill, the benefits it may bring, the reforms that may be made to improve it, or also, the rapporteur may state that the bill should not be approved because he/she considers that it would not be good for the country.
If a committee member so requests, the discussion of the bill may be done article by article and consider the proposed changes. In this sense, the congressmen may propose amendments, modifications, additions or deletions to the whole bill or to specific articles.
Once the report for the second debate is ready, it is sent to be published for subsequent discussion in the Plenary of the respective chamber, either the Senate or the House of Representatives. The coordinator rapporteur explains the project and the report before the plenary, after which the congressmen and ministers may take the floor to express their opinions; this is very similar to what is done in committee.