What does it mean for a member of Congress to represent her constituents as a trustee What does it mean for a member of Congress to represent her constituents as a trustee?

Act 5 of 1991

The Cabinet and independent federal agencies are responsible for day-to-day enforcement and administration of federal laws. These departments and agencies have missions and responsibilities as widely divergent as those of the Department of Defense and the Environmental Protection Agency, the Social Security Administration and the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Under Article II of the Constitution, the president is responsible for executing the laws created by Congress and seeing that they are enforced. Fifteen executive departments, each headed by an appointed member of the president’s Cabinet, carry out the day-to-day administration of the federal government. They are joined by other executive agencies such as the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the Environmental Protection Agency, whose heads are not part of the Cabinet, but who are under the full authority of the president. The president also appoints the heads of more than 50 independent federal commissions, such as the Federal Reserve Board or the Securities and Exchange Commission, as well as federal judges, ambassadors, and other federal offices. The Executive Office of the President (EOP) consists of the president’s immediate staff, along with entities such as the Office of Management and Budget and the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative.

Who represents Congress?

The Congress is composed of the Senate of the Republic and the House of Representatives. It is a collegiate body, that is to say, it is made up of several members, and each of them has equal power and responsibility. Currently, the Senate of the Republic is composed of 102 senators.

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Who runs the military administration?

The Government directs domestic and foreign policy, civil and military administration and the defense of the State. It exercises the executive function and regulatory power in accordance with the Constitution and the laws.

What are the names of the people who work in Congress?

A large number of people work in the national congress. We are referring to the legislators, that is, senators and deputies. Both are elected by vote without forgetting the female quota law, which establishes that in the electoral lists there must be at least 30% of women with the possibility of being elected.

What type of government does Spain have?

The Law for Political Reform, dated January fourth, nineteen hundred and seventy-seven, attributes to the Government the power to regulate the first elections to constitute a Congress of three hundred and fifty Deputies and to elect two hundred and seven Senators. It is necessary, therefore, to establish the rules that are to govern the electoral process, replacing the complex regulations in force on the subject, the result of other historical circumstances and different political options.

With respect to the former, techniques customary in Comparative Law have been introduced, such as voting under envelopes and in booths, as well as voting by mail for those who have to cast their vote in a place other than that where they are registered.

By virtue thereof, in use of the power conferred by article thirteen of the Constitutive Law of the Cortes and by the first transitory provision of the Law for Political Reform, having heard the Commission referred to in article twelve of the first of the aforementioned Laws and at the proposal of the Council of Ministers at its meeting held on the fifteenth day of March, nineteen hundred and seventy-seven,

Who are the members of Congress?

Congress currently has a total of 268 members: 102 senators and 166 representatives.

What are the main functions of the Congress?

In short, Congress is responsible for legislating, representing the Nation and exercising political control of the State. On this last point, the Congress exercises the function of parliamentary control over the acts of government and public administration in general.

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Which are Colombia’s congressmen?

The House of Representatives is part of the Legislative Branch of the State, also composed of the Senate of the Republic. It was created when the Constitution of 1821 was enacted and today it is a body composed of 172 legislators, called Representatives to the House.

Form of government of spain 2020

Simple majority. Majority and uninominal electoral system. Congress. House of Representatives: Proportional: list; with remaining seats allocated on the basis of the largest remainders. Vacancies arising between general elections are filled by the next candidates of the same party that followed. Voting is not compulsory. Senate: Proportional: Closed list, proportional representation, with remaining seats allocated on the basis of the largest remainders. Vacancies arising between general elections are filled by the next candidates on the list. Voting is not compulsory.

What is the composition of the Congress of the Republic?

The Congress of the Argentine Nation consists of a bicameral assembly with 329 members, divided into the Senate (72 seats), presided over by the current Vice President of the Nation, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, and the Chamber of Deputies (257 seats), currently presided over by Sergio Massa, of the political coalition …

Which Branch is the Congress?

The Legislative Branch is responsible for formulating laws, exercising control over the Government and amending the Constitution.

What is the king in the Army?

The King has the military rank of Captain General of the Army, Navy and Air Force, the highest military rank that corresponds exclusively to him as supreme commander of the Armed Forces”.

Law 5 of 1992

These definitions that add other functions and objectives to the electoral dimension of the political parties also bring with them some limitations. For example, it seems to be demanded that political parties -in order to be so- must be lasting in time and be stable organizations, but the truth is that there are parties of temporary, ephemeral or conjunctural existence. Furthermore, the requirement of having a government program is an element that until very recently seemed to be generalized as obligatory in contemporary democracies.

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This is easy to understand because democracies are precisely a form of government characterized by the fact that their rules and procedures are based on an indispensable minimum of requirements at their origin, namelyxxiv:

The presence of political parties in a modern society is “a guarantee of the rule of democratic forms of government “xxvii and they have managed to build an institutional order that overrides other types of institutions and groups such as “monarchies, traditional elites, civil and military bureaucracies “xxviii. In this way, parties have been very important for the establishment and consolidation of democratic systems because they “base their very existence on the political consensus that such confrontation must always be resolved according to democratic rules of game, which, in any case, include electoral competition between parties “xxix.