Lores y comunes
El modernismo -como categoría historiográfica aplicada con diferentes grados de precisión a una serie de tendencias literarias, artísticas, filosóficas y teológicas- caracteriza también un contexto histórico crítico para la comprensión del fenómeno de los santos apócrifos, conocidos en El Salvador como Hermanos Espirituales. Este tipo de religión vernácula se reconoce indistintamente como un subproducto del catolicismo popular, las prácticas esotéricas e incluso la religiosidad prehispánica. Sin embargo, basándose en nuevas pruebas de archivo, este artículo muestra una estrecha relación entre el espiritismo positivista de principios del siglo XX y el fenómeno de los Hermanos Espirituales. Esta relación expone complejas estrategias de simulación y falsa adscripción como una de las características dominantes de esta forma de devoción popular. De aquí se desprenden dos conclusiones importantes: en primer lugar, la capacidad de la religión vernácula salvadoreña de absorber el orden de una fuerza que también contiene su antítesis y, en segundo lugar, la contribución (en cierto modo paradójica) de los procesos de secularización de finales del siglo XIX y principios del XX a la renovación del capital simbólico y al aumento de la creatividad espiritual.
House of Lords as elected
We believe in one God, one Mediator and one Holy Spirit [see Article of Faith No. 1]. We cannot believe for an instant that God lacks a body, parts, passions, or attributes. Attributes can manifest themselves only through an organized being. All attributes are included in an organized existence and are the result of it (DBY, 23).
Some try to make us believe that God is present everywhere. He is not. He is not personally present everywhere at once, nor are the Father and the Son one person (DBY, 23-24).
God is considered to be present everywhere at once; and the psalmist says, “Whither shall I flee from thy presence?” [Psalms 139:7]. He is present in all His creations through His influence, His government, His Spirit and His power, but in Himself He is a personage of physical body and we were created in His image (DBY, 24).
A painter’s impression of Joseph Smith’s First Vision. President Young said that Joseph Smith “took heaven … and brought it to earth” in revealing the true nature of the Trinity (DBY, 458).
Lords of England
Following the entry into operation on October 1, 2009 of the new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, this body took over the judicial function previously held by the Upper House through the Appellate Committee.
The House of Lords also has the role of controlling the performance of the government through questions and committees of inquiry. But this control is secondary, as it does not have the capacity to hold the government accountable. However, in recent history it was the House of Lords that ended Margaret Thatcher’s term of office when she began to exhibit unstable and tyrannical behavior towards members of her cabinet and, therefore, towards members of the House of Commons.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom derives, almost in its entirety, from the old Parliament of England. It came into being through the Treaty of Union of 1706 and the Acts of Union of 1707, which ratified that Treaty, creating the new Parliament of the United Kingdom to replace the Parliaments of England and Scotland. In reality, it was nothing more than the continuation of the Parliament of England, only with the accession of 45 Commons and 16 Lords representing Scotland.
What is the House of Lords
Two distinct jurisdictions have been established and have defined their respective jurisdictions . However, in the Middle Ages (doctrine of the two swords ) and in modern times ( doctrine of the two kingdoms , ultramontanism ), the Church enjoyed an extension of its power in the temporal domain.
Canon law establishes the manner in which the Church exercises its power. The subjects are, for all matters of faith and discipline: Christians (or Catholics only, since the Reformation ), and members of various ecclesiastical institutions ( clergy , religious orders …).
However, the authorities have exercised rights in terms of allocation of ecclesiastical offices , interfering in the organization of the Church: the German emperors have appointed bishops ( investiture controversy in the XI th and XII th centuries), the kings of France in the modern era ( XVI th to XVIII th century) appointed the commendatory ecclesiastical benefices (example Gallicanism ) …
From the first half of the thirteenth century, the establishment of the Inquisition in order to eradicate the Cathar heresy and its sustainability in all kinds of deviations assumed, was an abuse of spiritual authority, denounced in particular by D’Alembert in the preliminary discourse of the Encyclopedia.