How can we reduce educationally based income inequality?

Goal to reduce inequality

We can analyze inequality in several ways, all of which are related. Inequality of outcomes – expressed in differences in academic achievement, career progression, income, etc. – is one of the most obvious ways, and one that, in itself, is not necessarily negative. Rewarding individual effort, innate talents and options for a better life can incentivize innovation and entrepreneurship, and help drive growth.

If the children of poor and disadvantaged families cannot become productive, healthy adults capable of earning decent incomes, there is no way we will eliminate extreme poverty by 2030, or perhaps that this goal will never be possible. This what seems intuitive is supported by strong evidence: (i) early disadvantages are likely to have lifelong impacts that are very difficult (and costly) to correct with policy adoption at later stages of people’s development.

How can the inequality problem be solved?

Among the most successful measures to reduce inequality, experts agree, are improving the quality of public services so that vulnerable citizens can benefit, for example, from good health and education systems.

How to combat educational backwardness?

In order to reduce the backlog, it is necessary to propose a comprehensive strategy that considers a substantial increase in economic resources, complemented by programs and actions involving the participation of various agencies of the Federal Public Administration, business organizations, civil society organizations and the private sector, as well as …

What is inequality in education?

Educational inequality is the unequal distribution of academic resources, including but not limited to; school funding, qualified and experienced teachers, books and technologies to socially excluded communities. These communities tend to be historically disadvantaged and oppressed.

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How to reduce inequality

The agency announced that resources will be allocated to improve the physical infrastructure, furniture and equipment of schools in indigenous communities, and that books and materials will be provided in indigenous languages and training will be given to the personnel who attend to this population.

In coordination with the Ministry of Social Development (Sedesol), SEP assures that it will carry out community workshops and training programs, and that educational materials will be developed so that fathers and mothers become more involved in their children’s education.

In addition, the head of Sedesol, Luis Enrique Miranda -who was also present at the presentation of the strategy- said that the authorities have made a plan to bring the 9,540 existing dining halls closer to the schools.

How to avoid educational backwardness in times of pandemic?

Take advantage of the educational powers of the states to design and implement local actions to reincorporate students and compensate for academic lag, for example through tutoring programs. These actions should be based on diagnostic results and the context of each region.

Why is educational lag important?

Thus, educational backwardness leads some segments of society to remain in an unfavorable cycle that does not allow them to improve their quality of life. This represents major problems for the nation and its possibilities for growth and development.

What actions has the Mexican government taken to reduce educational backwardness?

Since 1991, the Mexican government has designed and implemented several compensatory programs to reverse the effects of educational backwardness, mainly in rural and indigenous areas: – The Program to Reduce Educational Backwardness (PARE, 1991-1996) – The Program to Support Schools in Disadvantage PAED (1992-1996) – The …


Questions and Answers1. What is the World Social Science Report 2016 about?2. Why does inequality matter?3. Has inequality gone up or down around the world?4. Is inequality about more than income and wealth?5. How important is global inequality?6. How big is the “gap” in social science research on inequalities?7. What is the role of social science in reducing inequalities?8. What can be done to close the “gap” in social science research on inequalities?9. What impact does inequality have on sustainable development?10.

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The report warns that excessive inequalities could jeopardize the sustainability of economies, societies, and communities, undermining efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.

The report highlights significant gaps in social science research on inequalities and calls for more robust research on the links between economic inequality and other inequalities at the social, political, and environmental levels that can contribute to creating more inclusive societies.

How does inequality affect education?

People who have access to a better quality education leave those who do not have these privileges at a disadvantage, because people with a quality education allow them to acquire new knowledge that helps them to find a stable work environment and allows them to broaden their culture.

How can we help our students at a distance?

Combine the tools or media that learners have access to in terms of synchronous communications and courses and asynchronous learning. Avoid overwhelming learners and parents by asking them to download or try a large number of applications and platforms.

How to educate in times of pandemic?

Support families with materials and remote assistance channels. Guarantee the continuity of the school lunchroom service. Adapt school organization by promoting changes in evaluation and promotion systems, and developing protocols for the eventual return to school.

Actions to reduce social inequality

Inequality of opportunity . Intergenerational inequality . Inequality between women and men . And, of course, income and wealth inequality . All these inequalities are present in our societies, and in many countries, unfortunately, they are on the rise.

The good news is that we have the tools to address these problems, provided we have the will to do so. Implementing these reforms is difficult politically, but the returns in terms of growth and productivity are worth it.

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Tax progressivity is a fundamental aspect of effective tax policy. Our research shows that in the upper segment of the income distribution it is possible to raise marginal tax rates without sacrificing economic growth.

The use of digital tools in tax collection can also be part of a comprehensive strategy to stimulate domestic revenues. Reducing corruption can improve revenue collection and also strengthen trust in government. Most importantly, these strategies can generate the resources needed to make investments that multiply opportunities for communities and people who have been left behind.